The Canadian Citizenship: Common Q & A You Need To Know
Canada is one of the most beautiful countries in the world with renowned universities, excellent job opportunities, and warm, welcoming people. Canada has fewer regulations for citizenship than many other countries, including the United States. According to 2011 statistics, close to 16 percent of Canada’s population is made up of naturalized citizens.
Requirements For Canadian Citizenship
To become a naturalized Canadian citizen, these are the requirements:
- In the past five years, you must have resided in Canada for 1,095 days.
- During the five years, you must have filed tax returns for three years.
- All income taxes must have been paid in full.
- You must read, speak, and write English or French.
The application for Canadian citizenship must be submitted to the CIO in Nova Scotia. The appropriate fee and documents to support your claims must be submitted. A spouse and children may also submit documents at the same time. When the application(s) are approved, the citizenship test may be taken.
The Citizenship Test
The Canadian citizenship test is usually written and consists of 20 questions. However, the test is sometimes taken orally. Fifteen of the 20 questions have to be correct to pass. Applicants have up to 30 minutes to complete the test. When the examination is oral, it’s a portion of the interview with Canadian immigration services. The test is to determine that the applicant has knowledge of English or French and life in Canada. The test covers:
Duties and Rights of a Canadian Citizen
The duties of Canadian citizens include obeying the laws of the Canadian government and respecting the rules. It’s a requirement of Canadian citizens to serve on a jury if they’re called to service. It’s the duty and the right of every Canadian citizen to vote in all elections. Canadian citizens are expected to take responsibility for the laws outlined in the Canadian Constitution. Citizens are expected to celebrate and respect the heritage of all Canadians.
Canadian citizens’ rights include living and working anywhere they want to in Canada. Canada has two official languages, French and English. Both languages are equal in the Canadian Parliament. Canadians are expected to respect the traditions and cultures of aboriginal people.
It’s essential for anyone seeking citizenship in Canada to understand basic facts about the country. The test may cover any historical period between the time the Paleo tribes arrive there to present-day history. The questions in the history portion of the exam are based on a timeline.
The section about Canadian politics and government may include:
- Form of Government
- Head of State
- Which Party Is In Power?
- Opposition Leader
These questions regard the Federal and Provincial Governments. Applicants are expected to know who the mayors and council members are in the city or town in which they reside.
Canadian Physical Geography
The test’s physical geography portion may include questions about the oceans that border Canada, how many provinces there are and their physical characteristics, or what the southernmost and northernmost cities are. Studying Canada’s physical geography is beneficial in researching for this portion of the test.
Questions About the Region in Which the Applicant Lives
Most people successfully pass the test to become Canadian citizens. However, if the applicant doesn’t pass the first time, he or she must have an interview with a judge who will ask a different set of questions. The questions may be true or false, multiple-choice, or questions in which the applicant must explain the answer.
Preparation For The Citizenship Test
Discover Canada is the government’s official book to help applicants prepare to take the citizenship test. Many practice tests are available online to better prepare to take the exam. An online Canadian citizenship preparation course is also available. Online practice tests include questions regarding:
- Federal, Provincial, and Municipal Government
- Judicial System
- Rights and Responsibilities
Applicants can study by choosing random questions or selecting topics they need more information about. The more you know about Canada before you schedule your citizenship exam, the likelier you are to pass the first time. The best resource is an online course to prepare for the exam. Many of the courses are free. The material consists of different modules, each covering a specific topic. The modules have quizzes at the completion to test your knowledge.