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Chapter: Canada’s History

Topic: Royal New France

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Royal New France

The first European settlement in Canada was established north of the region of Florida. It was established in the year 1604 by Samuel de Champlain and Pierre de Monts. The first of these settlements was in Maine (on St. Croix Island). The other one was in Nova Scotia (then called Acadia) at Port Royal. A fortress was built in Quebec City in 1608 by Champlain. The European explorers and colonists had to struggle against the harsh climate of the Canadian region.

The colonies of Champlain allied with tribes and aboriginal groups Hurons, Montagnais, and Algonquins. These tribes were enemies of the tribe and aboriginal group Iroquois. The Iroquois included a total of 6 First Nations. They together battled the settlements made by France for an entire century. Peace was reached between the two warring parties in 1701. The aboriginals of Canada and the French collaborated in the “fur” business and trade sector and made it a blossoming economy. There was a huge demand for fur for beaver pelts in Europe. The North American French Empire was built by leaders including Count Frontenac, Bishop Laval, and Jean Talon. The French Empire extended from Hudson’s Bay up until the Mexico Gulf at this time.