Chapter: Canada’s History
Topic: Royal New France
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The first European settlement north of Florida was created by French explorers in _________________.CorrectIncorrect
Samuel de Champlain established a fortress in 1608 on the site of what is now ______________.CorrectIncorrect
French colonists came into conflict with the _____________ tribeCorrectIncorrect
French colonists signed a peace treaty with adversarial tribes in _______.CorrectIncorrect
The main trade around the turn of the 18th century in Canada was in _________.CorrectIncorrect
French colonists established a North American empire stretching from Hudson Bay south to _______________.CorrectIncorrect
Royal New France
The first European settlement in Canada was established north of the region of Florida. It was established in the year 1604 by Samuel de Champlain and Pierre de Monts. The first of these settlements was in Maine (on St. Croix Island). The other one was in Nova Scotia (then called Acadia) at Port Royal. A fortress was built in Quebec City in 1608 by Champlain. The European explorers and colonists had to struggle against the harsh climate of the Canadian region.
The colonies of Champlain allied with tribes and aboriginal groups Hurons, Montagnais, and Algonquins. These tribes were enemies of the tribe and aboriginal group Iroquois. The Iroquois included a total of 6 First Nations. They together battled the settlements made by France for an entire century. Peace was reached between the two warring parties in 1701. The aboriginals of Canada and the French collaborated in the “fur” business and trade sector and made it a blossoming economy. There was a huge demand for fur for beaver pelts in Europe. The North American French Empire was built by leaders including Count Frontenac, Bishop Laval, and Jean Talon. The French Empire extended from Hudson’s Bay up until the Mexico Gulf at this time.